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Anti-transit myth #6: Rail transit only serves cities
Excerpted from Moving Minds: Conservatives and Public Transportation by Paul M. Weyrich and William S. Lind.
Myth 6: Rail transit can only serve city centers, but most new jobs are in the suburbs.
This anti-transit myth is a bit different from the others, because the problem itself is not a myth. The myth is that the problem has no solution.
Downtowns remain important centers of employment in most regions, and even Wendell Cox admits that transit serves downtowns well. But it is also true that much job growth is in the suburbs.
There are solutions, and rail transit has an important role to play in them.
One solution stems from the nature of much suburban job development. It is not always spread out evenly across the map. Rather, it often follows certain corridors – corridors that can be served effectively by rail.
Rail transit can do more than serve corridors where job growth is concentrated. It can also help create such corridors.
A major reason why rail transit has difficulty serving suburban growth in many American cities is that there just isn’t enough of it. A single light rail line can only serve a limited area. But if a rail system is large enough, it serves much more than downtown. Washington’s Metrorail is an example: This five-line, 103-mile system serves not only downtown Washington, D.C., but also such major employment centers as Crystal City; the Pentagon; Rosslyn, Virginia; and Bethesda and Silver Spring, Maryland.
Serving suburban job destinations requires not fewer rail lines, but more.